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Invasive.org - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health

Invasive and Exotic Fish

The following species have been listed on an invasive species list in North America. For more information on each species, including the listing sources, images, and publication links, click on the species.

109 Records


Subject Name Scientific Name Family Order
grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes, 1844) Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
alewife Alosa pseudoharengus (Wilson, 1811) Clupeidae Clupeiformes
Asian swamp eel Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793) Synbranchidae Synbranchiformes
Eurasian ruffe Gymnocephalus cernua (Linnaeus, 1758) Percidae Perciformes
lionfish Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758) Scorpaenidae Scorpaeniformes
flathead catfish Pylodictis olivaris (Rafinesque, 1819) Ictaluridae Siluriformes
northern snakehead Channa argus (Cantor, 1842) Channidae Perciformes
round goby Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas, 1814) Gobiidae Perciformes
goldfish Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
common carp Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758 Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Valenciennes, 1844) Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) Salmonidae Salmoniformes
Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852) Cichlidae Perciformes
brown trout Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758 Salmonidae Salmoniformes
African jewelfish Hemichromis letourneuxi Sauvage, 1880 Cichlidae Perciformes
brown hoplo Hoplosternum littorale (Hancock, 1828) Callichthyidae Siluriformes
banded cichlid Heros severus Heckel, 1840 Cichlidae Perciformes
black acara Cichlasoma bimaculatum (Linnaeus, 1758) Cichlidae Perciformes
blackchin tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron melanotheron (Rüppell, 1852) Cichlidae Perciformes
blue tilapia Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner, 1864) Cichlidae Perciformes
bullseye snakehead Channa marulius (Hamilton, 1822) Channidae Perciformes
butterfly peacock bass Cichla ocellaris Bloch and Schneider, 1801 Cichlidae Perciformes
clown knifefish Chitala ornata (Gray, 1831) Notopteridae Osteoglossiformes
convict cichlid Archocentrus nigrofasciatus (Günther, 1867) Cichlidae Perciformes
firemouth cichlid Thorichthys meeki Brind Cichlidae Perciformes
Mayan cichlid Cichlasoma urophthalma (Günther, 1862) Cichlidae Perciformes
Midas cichlid Amphilophus citrinellus (Günther, 1864) Cichlidae Perciformes
oriental weatherfish Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Cantor, 1842) Cobitidae Cypriniformes
Orinoco sailfin catfish Pterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Hancock, 1828) Loricariidae Siluriformes
oscar Astronotus ocellatus (Agassiz in Spix and Agassiz, 1831) Cichlidae Perciformes
peacock eel Macrognathus siamensis (Günther, 1861) Mastacembelidae Synbranchiformes
pike killifish Belonesox belizanus (Kner, 1860) Poeciliidae Cyprinodontiformes
redstriped eartheater Geophagus surinamensis (Bloch, 1791) Cichlidae Perciformes
spotted tilapia Tilapia mariae (Boulenger, 1899) Cichlidae Perciformes
variable platyfish Xiphophorus variatus (Meek, 1904) Poeciliidae Cyprinodontiformes
vermiculated sailfin catfish Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus (Weber, 1991) Loricariidae Siluriformes
walking catfish Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus, 1758) Clariidae Siluriformes
yellowbelly cichlid Cichlasoma salvini (Günther, 1862) Cichlidae Perciformes
Asian snakeheads Channa spp. Scopoli, 1777 Channidae Perciformes
bighead carp Hypophthalmichthys nobilis J. Richardson, 1845 Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
red-bellied pacu Piaractus brachypomus (Cuvier, 1817) Characidae Characiformes
Sohal surgeonfish Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775) Acanthuridae Perciformes
Arabian angel Pomacanthus asfur (Forsskål, 1775) Pomacanthidae Perciformes
peacock hind Cephalopholis argus Bloch and Schneider, 1801 Serranidae Perciformes
redstriped butterflyfish Chaetodon lunula (Lacepède, 1802) Chaetodontidae Perciformes
jaguar guapote Parachromis managuensis (Günther, 1867) Cichlidae Perciformes
tambaquí Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier, 1816) Characidae Characiformes
pacus Piaractus spp. Eigenmann, 1903 Characidae Characiformes
panther grouper Chromileptes altivelis (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828) Serranidae Perciformes
suckermouth catfish Hypostomus plecostomus (Linnaeus, 1758) Loricariidae Siluriformes
Orangespine unicornfish Naso lituratus (Forster in Bloch and Schneider, 1801) Acanthuridae Perciformes
hybrid tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus x hornorum Cichlidae Perciformes
small-scaled pacu Piaractus mesopotamicus (Holmberg, 1887) Characidae Characiformes
blue tilapias Oreochromis spp. Günther, 1889 Cichlidae Perciformes
speckled tilapias Tilapia spp. Smith, 1840 Cichlidae Perciformes
brushtooth tilapias Sarotherodon spp. Rüppell, 1852 Cichlidae Perciformes
arawana Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier, 1829) Osteoglossidae Osteoglossiformes
orbiculate batfish Platax orbicularis (Forsskål, 1775) Ephippidae Perciformes
green swordtail Xiphophorus hellerii Heckel, 1848 Poeciliidae Cyprinodontiformes
southern platyfish Xiphophorus maculatus (Günther, 1866) Poeciliidae Cyprinodontiformes
white bass Morone chrysops (Rafinesque, 1820) Moronidae Perciformes
black carp Mylopharyngodon piceus J. Richardson, 1846 Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
red shiner Cyprinella lutrensis (Baird and Girard, 1853) Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) Cichlidae Perciformes
blueback herring Alosa aestivalis (Mitchill, 1814) Clupeidae Clupeiformes
blue catfish Ictalurus furcatus (Lesueur, 1840) Ictaluridae Siluriformes
green sunfish Lepomis cyanellus Rafinesque 1819 Centrarchidae Perciformes
white perch Morone americana (Gmelin 1789) Moronidae Perciformes
yellow bass Morone mississippiensis (Jordan and Eigenmann, 1887) Moronidae Perciformes
spotted bass Micropterus punctulatus (Rafinesque, 1819) Centrarchidae Perciformes
brook stickleback Culaea inconstans (Kirtland, 1840) Gasterosteidae Gasterosteiformes
western mosquitofish Gambusia affinis S.F. Baird & Girard, 1853 Poeciliidae Cyprinodontiformes
Red Sea bannerfish Heniochus intermedius Steindachner, 1893 Chaetodontidae Perciformes
Silver Dollar species Metynnis spp. Cope, 1878 Characidae Characiformes
orangespotted sunfish Lepomis humilis (Girard 1858) Centrarchidae Perciformes
paddlefish Polyodon spathula (Walbaum in Artedi, 1792) Polyodontidae Acipenseriformes
striped bass hybrids Morone spp. Mitchill, 1814 Moronidae Perciformes
lined topminnow Fundulus lineolatus (Agassiz, 1854) Fundulidae Cyprinodontiformes
armoured catfish Callichthys callichthys (Linnaeus, 1758) Callichthyidae Siluriformes
Guayas cichlid Cichlasoma festae (Boulenger, 1899) Cichlidae Perciformes
Jack Dempsey Cichlasoma octofasciata (Regan, 1903) Cichlidae Perciformes
threadfin shad Dorosoma petenense (Günther, 1867) Clupeidae Clupeiformes
redbelly tilapia Tilapia zillii (Gervais, 1848) Cichlidae Perciformes
green sturgeon Acipenser medirostris Ayres, 1854 Acipenseridae Acipenseriformes
ide Leuciscus idus Linnaeus, 1758 Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
snakehead fish Parachanna spp. Teugels and Daget, 1984 Channidae Perciformes
bowfin Amia calva Linnaeus, 1766 Amiidae Amiiformes
gars Lepisosteidae Semionotiformes
airbreathing catfish Bonaparte, 1846 Clariidae Siluriformes
piranha Serrasalmus spp. Lacepède, 1803 Characidae Characiformes
piranha Pygocentrus spp. Müller and Troschel, 1844 Characidae Characiformes
rudd Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Linnaeus, 1758) Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
piranhas Rosseveltiella spp. Characidae Characiformes
zander Sander lucioperca (Linnaeus, 1758) Percidae Perciformes
green snakehead Channa punctata (Bloch,1793) Channidae Perciformes
tench Tinca tinca (Linnaeus, 1758) Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
rainbow snakehead Channa bleheri Vierke, 1991 Channidae Perciformes
snakehead mullet Channa maculata (Lacepède, 1801) Channidae Perciformes
striped snakehead Channa striata (bloch, 1793) Channidae Perciformes
dwarf snakehead Channa gachua (Hamilton, 1822) Channidae Perciformes
rainbow smelt Osmerus mordax (Mitchill, 1814) Osmeridae Osmeriformes
eastern mosquitofish Gambusia holbrooki Girard,1859 Poeciliidae Cyprinodontiformes
tubenose goby Proterorhinus marmoratus Pallas, 1814 Gobiidae Perciformes
European flounder Platichthys flesus (Linnaeus, 1758) Pleuronectidae Pleuronectiformes
fourspine stickleback Apeltes quadracus (Mitchill, 1815) Gasterosteidae Gasterosteiformes
threespine stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758 Gasterosteidae Gasterosteiformes
chain pickerel Esox niger Lesueur, 1818 Esocidae Esociformes
stone moroko, topmouth gudgeon Pseudorasbora parva Temminck & Schlegels, 1846 Cyprinidae Cypriniformes
Wels catfish Silurus glanis Linnaeus, 1758 Siluridae Siluriformes


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